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safe feed for horses with laminitis

Many feeds that contain grain by-products like millrun, bran or pollard advertise themselves as being ‘grain-free’. If the horse is able to exercise, a gentle exercise routine each day will also help them to lose weight and reduce their risk of further bouts of laminitis. Never feed grain or grain-based products to an overweight horse, horses with Equine Cushing’s disease or Insulin Resistance or horses which have suffered previous bouts of laminitis. Laminitis is an extremely painful condition effecting the laminae in the hoof. There have been many studies on laminitis and it is clear that there is not one single cause. How to nutritionally manage horses with laminitis? And some people think it’s a cheap filler that does nothing for a horse except help with satiety. In her book The Truth About Feeding Your Horse (2007), nutritionist Clare MacLeod says "Haylage can be a safe feed for laminitis-prone horses and ponies, but a high dry matter, high-fibre, low-protein haylage with low residual sugars should be selected." Start with ¼ of a cup per day and gradually increase the amount if required. In the majority of horses with IR induced laminitis, it is important to remove the cereal grain bi-products such as bran, pollard, or rice bran or feeds based on millrun, such as equestrian or pony pellets, from the ration, as these feeds contain starch and soluble sugars. The basic principles of feeding laminitic horses are well-established: Avoid high-sugar and -starch feeds and lush green grass. Feeds rich in carbohydrate are quite energy dense that means a horse can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle. Causes of Laminitis in Horses. In older times, wise horsemen stood horses with laminitis in cold streams or the chilly ocean. If your horse has gained weight then winter can be a great time to kick start weight loss. It is now thought that most cases of laminitis are associated with one of three underlying disease states: The horse or pony prone to laminitis needs a special diet and careful management. When feeding grains, feed only processed grains as this will minimize the risk of starch being delivered undigested to the hindgut. Fast Fibre, Veteran Light and ‘L’ Mix are designed specifically for horses and ponies prone to laminitis and are high in fibre and very low in starch and sugar, each with a combined level of under 10%. The laminitic horse’s diet needs to be low in sugar (we could get all very technical here and call sugars non-structural carbohydrates, water soluble carbohydrates, starches, ether soluble carbohydrates or non-fibre carbohydrates, but let’s just keep it simple and say ‘sugar’). Do you know what is missing from your pasture? Laminitis results from the disruption (constant, intermittent or short-term) of blood flow to the sensitive and insensitive laminae. To maintain your horses weight you should: Allow the horse access to up to 2.5% of its bodyweight of low sugar forage (12.5 kg for a 500 kg horse) per day. If you can’t access these kinds of hays, soak the hay you do have available in warm water for 30 minutes, before tipping all of the water off, rinsing and feeding. Most Keyflow® feeds are low in sugar and starch so would be well suited to a horse at risk of laminitis. What hays are safe for my horse with laminitis when confined to a stable or yard? If your horse needs to lose weight you must do it carefully, as forcing the laminitic horse into rapid weight loss can also stop them from healing their damaged hoof tissue and may cause other problems like hyperlipaemia. Monitor your horse closely. Fructan levels in pasture grasses are known to vary by season, location, time of day, grazing pattern, plant species, and field topography. Do you get what you should be getting in your horse feed? Any form of steam flaked, micronised or extruded grain. Feeding materials that have reasonable protein and low sugar/starch levels are a good starting point. For instance, hoof trauma — like overtrimming or galloping on uneven, hard ground — can increase inflammation in the hoof area. After-infection – for example, a mare who has recently foaled and has retained the afterbirth. Learn what to feed your horse and how to prevent it. If the goal is to gain weight you should: Provide your horse with access to as much low sugar pasture or hay as it wants to eat. 1.5-2% bodyweight hay (depending on whether weight loss is needed (1.5%) or not (2%), so 7.5-10 kg for a 500 kg horse, 3.75-5 kg for a 250 kg pony), soaked for at least 1 hour then drained to reduce sugars (or analysed to show combined sugar/starch no more than 10%). Slowly and carefully move him to a stall. Laminitis can affect any horse, pony, donkey or their hybrid at any time of the year and not just in spring – there is no ‘safe season’. http://www.horsemart.co.uk Baileys Horse Feeds give us an overview on how to feed a horse with laminitis. If you believe that your horse is suffering from laminitis, don’t panic. Laminitis won’t occur for 12-18 hours after the grain has been eaten. It can occur occasionally, for example if a horse or pony breaks into the feed room. So read all labels and lists of ingredients carefully before buying a feed and remember.It is buyer beware. Balance the diet with a low dose rate vitamin and mineral supplement and good quality protein from full fat soybean. Wheaten chaff, with minimal grain … I’ve seen horses open doors, open the lid to the feed bin and perform miracle acts to get at that sweet feed. Research shows that laminitis is typically caused by more than one factor. This is thought to affect blood flow to the laminae in the hooves, possible through Insulin Growth Factor Receptors. It contains high levels of calcium, as well as magnesium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, lysine, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folic acid. Contact us for advice on how to get the best from your horse. Recent research proves that intensive ice soaking prevents laminitis in the early stages. Wheatfeed, millrun, millmix, broll, bran (rice or wheat), pollard, middlings or any other variation of these ingredients. Exercise will help to aid weight loss and can help protect against insulin resistance. Placing an excessive weight on one limb for an extended period of time can lead to supporting limb laminitis. Laminitis is most commonly linked with poor nutrition, we explain how dietary management is key to reducing the risk of a horse or pony getting laminitis. This may increase the risk of laminitis for individuals that are insulin resistant. Complete feeds will provide your horse with the calories, protein, vitamins and minerals it needs. Equine Dedicated Mills - how safe is your horse feed? If you are unable to control the hours of the day your horse is allowed to graze, use a grazing muzzle to reduce your horse’s intake of pasture. Laminitis can also be associated with sepsis or endotoxaemia and this includes grain-induced laminitis due to starch-overload and health problems such as retained placenta. We recommend fat scoring your horse and weighing them, using our scientifically validated weigh-tape, every fortnight. Fresh, clean tepid water is a key to overall health as well as circulation of nutrient rich blood. By learning more about laminitis and its causes, signs and treatments, you may be able to minimize the risks of laminitis in your horse or control the long-term damage if it does occur. Keeping your horse at a healthy weight for their breed and height is an essential part of minimising the risk of laminitis. The good news is, feeding a laminitic horse doesn’t have to be difficult. Tips for feeding a horse that won’t sweat, Equine Gastric Ulcers - Using Feeding Management to Reduce Their Incidence and Severity, The horse's digestive system - The Gastrointestinal Tract. Once a horse or pony has suffered from a bout, they will be prone to the disease in the future so they must be managed very carefully. Consider feeding either a low calorie, fibre-based feed that is balanced in vitamins and minerals or a low intake, … The Facts on Beet Pulp. Once your horse and pony have had laminitis they will be more vulnerable to repeat episodes in the future. Laminitis causes the sensitive lamellae to s… Keyflow® feeds also have the additional benefit of Protexin, a probiotic which, is ideal for a horse with laminitis. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. Dr Nerida RichardsEquilize Horse Nutrition Pty Ltd. How Well Do You Know Your Feed Manufacturer? Below is a guide to help … Horses should get a minimum of half an hour active walking per day. Laminitis is serious and can cause permanent damage so you should always seek veterinary advice. The sensitive lamellae act like Velcro to form a strong bond to hold the pedal bone in place within the hoof. Feeding a horse with a history of laminitis can be a time consuming and confusing task and one that, if not done properly, can have painful consequences for your horse. We have also had great results with horses who have excess energy when working them. If your horse needs extra feed in addition to the low sugar forage you are feeding you must be VERY careful when selecting a suitable feed. Pryde's EasiFeed, 256 Quia Road, Gunnedah, NSW, 2380, Australia. Does the horse feed contain high quality protein. phone 01621 841 188 For horses that need a higher level of hoof-related nutrients, Kentucky Equine Research offers Bio-Bloom PS (Bio-Bloom HF in Australia) to provide additional support for hoof quality and growth. A laminitis diagnosis can be a life-changing event for both a horse and an owner. Alfalfa is nutritionally dense. As oxidative stress is involved in the laminitis process, higher than maintenance intakes of vitamin E are recommended. Feed a low sugar complete feed at the recommended rates for your horse’s bodyweight and current activity. Lucerne haylage or silage that has been produced specifically for horses is also a low sugar forage option. If you do feed hay out of hay nets you may need to dampen it down slightly to reduce dust. Constantly assess your horse’s body weight and adjust the diet according to the rate of weight loss. Meeting the laminitic horses requirements for protein, amino acids, vitamins and minerals will help them recover from any previous bouts of laminitis, help them to resist other disease and infection and will keep them in good overall health. We recommend you make all changes to the diet gradually; this includes the introduction of forage or pasture. As explained, there are differences between the conditions in grass and the horse that give rise to spring and autumn laminitis, but both centre around the dysfunction caused by too high a protein and sugar intake. 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